Sympathy And Callousness: The Impact Of Deliberative Thought On Donations To Identifiable And Statistical Victims

Small, Deborah A.; Loewenstein, George; Slovic, Paul, (2007). Sympathy And Callousness: The Impact Of Deliberative Thought On Donations To Identifiable And Statistical Victims. Organizational Behavior And Human Decision Processes, 102, 2, 143–153.

Keywords:

Discipline: P, s, y, c, h, o, l, o, g, y

Type of evidence:

Related tools: Effectiveness info: deliberation

Related theories:

Related critiques:

Charity target: Poverty-Poor Country

Donor population:

Paper summary


Discussion

Study 3: “individuals who faced an identifiable victim donated more than those who faced victim statistics, p < .01, and also donated more than those who faced an identifiable victim in conjunction with statistics, p < .05.”

Study 4: “ Priming analytic thinking reduced donations to an identifiable victim relative to a feeling-based thinking prime. Yet, the primes had no distinct effect on donations to statistical victims, which is symptomatic of the difficulty in generating feelings for these victims.” [Note that the latter non-effect appears tightly bounded.]

Further results on emotional mediators/channels

Ideas42: > Researchers gave study participants the opportunity to donate $0-5 to famine relief efforts at Save the Children (n = 159). One group received letters that included a picture and brief description of a little girl. A second group received letters describing factual information about food security, and a third group received letters with both the little girl’s profile and factual information. The photo and description prompted an emotion-based response, raising more than twice as much money as the factual solicitation. Including factual information with the girl’s profile reduced this effect, with no significant difference in giving between those who received both pieces and those who received factual information only

Evaluation

Basic design has key strengths: Double-blind, real donations, distractors, careful use of language ,
Meta-analysis data

Study year:

Data link:

Peer reviewed: ✓

Journal rating:

Citations: 265

Replications:

Replication success:

Pre-registered:

Verified:

Participants aware: ✓

Demographics:

Design: ✓

Simple comparison:

Sample size:

Share treated:

Key components:

Main treatment:

Mean donation:

SD donation:

Endowment amount:

Endowment description:

Currency:

Conversion rate:

Effect size original:

Effect size USD:

SE effect size:

SE calculation:

Effect size share:

Mean incidence:

Effect size incidence:

Headline p-val:

P-val description:


This paper has been added by David Reinstein

Enter your comment. Wiki syntax is allowed:
W B U K S
 
  • papers/sympathy_and_callousness_the_impact_of_deliberative_thought_on_donations_to_identifiable_and_statistical_victims.txt
  • Last modified: 2018/06/11 09:10
  • by katja